UTTAR PRADESH POPULATION CONTROL BILL 2021
The state of Uttar Pradesh is the fourth largest in terms of area after Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and Maharashtra. And, is the most populous state in India. According to Census 2011, the population of Uttar Pradesh is 19,98,12,341(around 20 crore).
WHAT IS THE POPULATION CONTROL BILL DRAFT?
First, let’s understand what draft bills are. Draft bills are bills that are issued for consultations before legally introduced in the Parliament. This allows them to make changes if they are needed on the basis of suggestions, consultations.
According to the draft of the population control bill, if anyone violates the population control bill i.e violating 2 child policy, then he will be prohibited from defending in local bodies elections, applying to government jobs, and receiving government subsidies.
This provision applies to a married couple where the boy is not less than 21 years and the girl is not less than 18 years.
This draft was released by Uttar Pradesh State Law Commission on Friday. These provisions appear within the draft titled the Uttar Pradesh Population(Control, Stabilization and Welfare) Bill, 2021.
According to the UPSLC Website – “The State Law Commission, UP is working on control, stabilisation and welfare of the population of the state and has prepared a draft bill”.
As told above, draft bills invite suggestions to improve it, similarly, this draft is inviting suggestions until July 19, before knocking on the door of Parliament.
WHY A POPULATION CONTROL ACT NEEDED
Through a projection, the population of Uttar Pradesh in 2021 is 23.50 crore.
In UP, the 1st population policy was constituted in 2000. And, is formulated to address the unmet needs for contraception, health care, and health personnel.
According to the draft bill- “In Uttar Pradesh, there are limited ecological and economic resources at hand. It is necessary and urgent that the provision of basic necessities of human life including affordable food, safe drinking water, decent housing, access to quality education, economic/livelihood opportunities, power/electricity for domestic consumption, and a secure living is accessible to all citizens”.
In simple words, Uttar Pradesh has limited resources. And, since resources are scarce, if the population increases more rapidly then it will decrease the standard of living of people as people will have less access to land, education, hospitality, food, safe drinking water etc. And, if the population increases at a higher rate than GDP, then there will be less or no development, and it will degrade the economy. And, when resources are utilised at a higher rate then there are fewer chances for sustainable development.
Increasing population also increases poverty, unemployment, decreases per capita income etc.
Mr. Aditya Nath also explains the need of spacing and control in population, he said if there is no gap between the birth of two children then there will be malnutrition in children.
AIM OF POPULATION CONTROL BILL
According to CM Yogi AdityNath- “Increasing population can be a hurdle in the way of development. Every community has been taken care of in Population Policy 2021-2030”.
It aims to decrease the TFR from 2.7 to 2.1 by 2026 and to 1.7 by 2030.
Increase contraceptive use from 31.7% to 45% by 2026 and to 52% by 2030.
Increase male contraceptive use from 10.8% to 15.1% by 2026 and to 16.4% by 2030.
Decrease maternal mortality rate from 197 to 150 by 2026 and to 98 by 2030.
Decrease infant mortality rate from 43 to 32 by 2026 and to 22 by 2030.
Decrease under 5 infant mortality rate from 47 to 35 by 2026 and to 25 by 2030.
GOVERNMENT PRACTICES TO MAKE IT SUCCEED
According to the Draft Bill, government duties include
Authorising maternity centres at all primary health centres
These centres will distribute contraceptive methods
Spread awareness about birth control through community health workers or doctors.
To ensure mandatory registrations of pregnancies, births and deaths across the state.
Students will be taught about family planning and population control in secondary schools.
Doing awareness programmes in the areas where there is a high fertility rate.
Apart from duties, the government will also provide some incentives who will adopt the two-child norm, they are as follows-
Public Servants will get two additional increments during the whole service tenure
Parenthood leave of 12 months with full salary and allowances
3% increase in the employer’s contribution fund under the national pension scheme
A state population fund will be established for the purpose of the implementation of the Act.
WAY FORWARD / CONCLUSION
This policy would attempt to maintain a balance among all communities, and this policy can only succeed when all people start following the 2 child norm, and this requires various awareness programmes, education of family planning, politicians, celebrities should advertise the benefits of small families. This can helps government to achieve the desired results.