Recently, the 6th Assessment Report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change(IPCC) has been released. Title is Climate Change 2021 – The Physical Science Basis.

IPCC is a United Nations body that assess the science related to Climate Change,


According to the IPCC report-

  • Human influence has warmed the climate at a rate that was never seen in the last 2000 years.
  • Emissions of greenhouse gases are the major factor. Emissions of greenhouse gases from human activities are responsible for approximately 1.1 degrees Celsius of warming since 1850-1900.
  • At this rate, over the next 20 years, global temperature is expected to reach or exceed 1.5°C of heating.
    Global surface temperature has increased faster since 1970 than in any other 50-year period over at least the last 2,000 years.
  • In 2019, atmospheric CO2 concentrations were highest in at least 2 million years, and concentrations of methane and nitrous oxide were highest in the last 800,000 years.


  • Increase in global mean sea level, it is increasing at a faster rate from 1900.
  • Reducing ice cover and leading to more droughts, floods, and storms at different places.
  • Changes in the weather pattern, it leads to more summer season time than winter season time.
  • As per the report, the extreme sea level events generally happen once in 100 years, but it perhaps became the condition of every year at the end of the century. By 2050, such events could occur once every six to nine years.
  • Due to warming, it also leads to the warming of the planet, which results in various disasters.


  • Impact on India will be the same as defined above, in addition with frequent occurrence of glacial lake bursts in the Himalayan region and which can lead to flooding in low lying coastal areas.
  • It can increase in the rainfall in the South West area,
  • Incidents of forest fire can increase due to severe heat waves.


As per the report, the world still has time to control climate change. If steps were taken globally to control the making of CO2(Carbon Dioxide) and other greenhouse gases can save the world from increasing temperature in 20-30 years.

As we also know that the European Union has already taken steps to reduce the generation of Carbon Dioxide by its ‘Fit for 55’ mission. The whole world has to come up with new rules and regulations, laws.

Countries can impose heavy taxes on imports on goods that generate a lot of Carbon Dioxide.

NGOs should come up, to provide help to the government.

There should be the formation of an agency/ organisation at the global level that monitors the amount of creation of greenhouse gases by different countries and reacts accordingly to their produced amount.

Advertisements should be made by politicians, celebrities on the problems of climate change, as they are the biggest influencers.


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