INDIA WILL ASSUME THE UN SECURITY COUNCIL PRESIDENCY IN AUGUST

UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL
The security council was established by the UN Charter in 1945. It is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations. The other five includes – the General Assembly, the Trusteeship Council, the Economic and Social Council, the International Court of Justice, and the Secretariat.

Its job is to maintain international peace and security.

The council consists of 15 members and among those 15, there are 5 permanent members and the rest are non-permanent members which are elected for 2-year terms. The five permanent members include the United States, the Russian Federation, France, China and the United Kingdom.

Each member of the security council has one vote. Any denied vote of the permanent member will block the regulation of the resolution.

It is headquartered in New York, and the presidency of the Council rotates every month among its 15 members.

WHY IN THE NEWS?
India will assume the UN Security Council presidency in August for the first time, and it is the eighth term of India in the United Nations Security Council.

India had joined the UNSC in January 2021 as a two-year non-permanent member.

Prime Minister (PM) Narendra Modi is going to be the first Indian PM to preside over a meeting of the UNSC.

INDIA’S RESPONSIBILITY AFTER JOINING AS UNSC CHIEF-
It will decide the UN Body’s agenda for the Month.
Hold meetings on international issues.
India is going to handle maritime security, peacekeeping and counter-terrorism.
Will to adopt fair resolutions on Somalia, Mali, & United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon.

WILL INDIA GET SUPPORT?
Due to the good value of India in international view, countries are ready to help and support India to give its best in the presidency period for UNSC.

France has stated that they will surely help and collaborate with India to win over strategic problems such as maritime security, peacekeeping and counter-terrorism.
Russia also welcomed India as a president of the UNSC and commented that they were impressed by India’s Agenda which supports critical global issues to be resolved.

CHALLENGES FOR INDIA-
China Challenge
India is taking the presidency of the UNSC at a time when Beijing is declaring itself at the apex at the international stage. China itself heads at least 6 UN organisations and has challenged the global rules.
China’s aggressive behaviour toward the Indo-Pacific as well as the India-China border has been visible in all of 2020.
China will Itstry to raise the issue of Kashmir at the UNSC.

POST COVID WORLD ORDER 
After many waves of Covid in many parts of the world, the global economy is in chaos and facing recession( period of temporary economic decline during which trade and industrial activity are reduced) and health-related problems.
To maintain a balance between US and Russia and Unstable West Asia-
With the situation running between the US and Russia and increasing tensions between US and Iran, it will be a tough situation to handle for India.
Thus, we can conclude that India needs to work on a rule-based world order with due respect for human rights, ensuring the national interest.

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