ASSAM AND NAGALAND DEAL AND THE HISTORY OF CONFLICT

WHY IN THE NEWS
According to The Hindu -”The Chief Secretaries of Assam and Nagaland on Saturday signed an agreement to de-escalate the tense situation prevailing at two locations in the Dessoi valley forest/ Tsurangkong valley by simultaneously withdrawing security forces within the next 24 hours.”

In layman language, an agreement was signed on 01 August between Assam and Nagaland to reduce the intensity of the conflict prevailing between them by withdrawing the security forces from their locations in the Dessoi Valley.

BACKGROUND

  1. Assam and Nagaland are in Northeast and are neighbouring states, which share a boundary of about 434 km.
  2. When India was independent in 1947, Nagaland was not a separate state but a part of Assam, but the political organizations of the people of Nagaland, specifically Naga National Council, demanded a political union of their ancestral and native group by giving them as an identity of a separate state.
  3. But, their demands were not very affected for about a decade, and as a result, they started damaging the government and civil infrastructure, and started attacking civilians, on the officials.
  4. So, as a result of their protest, an agreement was made between Naga leaders and the Government of India, which created a separate region of Naga Hills. Nagaland has been declared as a Union Territory and will be administered by the Union Government of India, along with autonomy.
  5. But this is not sufficient for the Naga Community, they were not satisfied with the decision and due to this the intensity of their violence further increased.
  6. Thus, in July, 1960, again an agreement was made, called a 16-point agreement , and this gives Nagaland a trust of making their region as a separate state.
  7. By the State of Nagaland Act, 1962, Nagaland was formally declared as a state in December, 1963.

And, from the year 1963 itself, a dispute between Assam and Nagaland registered.

WHAT SPARKED THE VIOLENCE
According to a Journal Article written by Udayon Misra – “Assam Nagaland Border Violence” – “The violence is said to have been triggered by a land dispute centered on a 25 bigha plot of land in the sector of a forest area which was claimed by both sides”.

“Ever since the inauguration of the State of Nagaland in December 1963, portions of the Assam-Nagaland border covering the districts of Sivasnagar, Jorhat, Golghat and Nagaon have seen occasional violence … with the first interstate border clash occurring in 1965”.

WHAT IS THE RESULT

  • Assam on Saturday(31st July 2021) signed an agreement with Nagaland to dissolve the unwinning situation for both the states by withdrawing their police force.
  • Both sides agreed that in order to maintain peace and tranquillity in the areas around AoSenden village and Vikuto village as they are known in Nagaland and called as Jankhona Nala /Nagajankha and Compartment No. 12 respectively in Assam, urgent and effective steps are required for defusing the standoff between the security forces of Nagaland and Assam.
  • And both states have agreed that they will monitor the area with the help of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles(UAVs) and satellite images so that the current agreement should provide supremacy.
Citation : MISRA, UDAYON. “Assam-Nagaland Border Violence.” <i>Economic and Political Weekly</i>, vol. 49, no. 38, 2014, pp. 15–18. <i>JSTOR</i>, www.jstor.org/stable/24480698. Accessed 11 Aug. 2021.

 

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