12 NE SITES GOT LISTED BY GSI FOR GEO-TOURISM DESTINATION POST LOCKDOWN
WHY IN THE NEWS?
The Geological Survey of India(GSI) has listed some geological sites in the North East area of the country to promote geo-tourism at some states to ‘unlock’ from September.
GSI officially said – “ Twelve locations in the Northeast are included in the 32 approved geo-tourism or geo-heritage sites in the country. These are scenic places that can be top attractions through responsible tourism”.
The 12 sites about which GSI quoted are three in Meghalaya, two in Assam, two in Tripura and one each in Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim.
If we took a glance at their unlocking after the pandemic, Sikkim has already opened for tourists, Assam and Nagaland are planning to unlock or withdraw the Covid-19 pandemic restrictions from September because of the low positivity rate and due to an increase in the number of people vaccinated.
These 12 sites are as follows:
1. MAWMLUH CAVE (MEGHALAYA)
- Near Cherrapunjee in the East Khasi Hills district
- This cave gives information about the age of Meghalaya due to the occurrence of a major climatic event that is cooling of Earth about 4200 years ago.
- 55 km away from state capital Shillong.
2. MAWBLEI OR GOD’S ROCK(MEGHALAYA)
- Near Syntung village in East Khasi Hills district
- This rock has balanced itself at 45 degrees angle at a height of 1303 metres at a reference of sea level.
- Mawblei in the Khasi language means God’s Rock and is a place of worship for the local people.
- In East Khasi Hills district
- It marks the Cretaceous (K)-Palaeogene (Pg) mass extinction event.
- Majuli – the largest river island in the world, accredited by The Guinness World Records is located in the mighty river Brahmaputra.
- In the passage of time, the river erodes the island and also deposits soil which leads to the changing shape of the island.
- This place is a hub for spiritualism
- It is 330 km east of Guhawati
- Umananda Devaloi is a Shiva temple located at the Umananda Island
- It is the smallest inhabited river islet in the world situated in the middle of the river Brahmaputra
- Its name derives from Assamese Uma, another name for the Hindu goddess Parvati, the wife of Shiva; and ananda meaning “joy”.
- In Gomati district
- This site is famous for the carving of rock on a steep hill wall on the bank of river Gomati.
- This site is around of 15th-16th CE.
- Huge images of Shiva, Vishnu, Karthikeya, Durga and other gods and goddesses are there
- One needs to do trekking to reach this place as it is covered by dense forest
- In Unakoti district
- Consists of many rock-cut sculptures which were made in the 7th and 9th CE.
- Hilly environs and waterfalls increase their value
- The place is a historic Shaiva pilgrimage.
- ‘Unakotiswara Kal Bhairava’ is about 30 feet high, along with an embroidered headdress that is 10 feet high.
8. SANGETSAR TSO(ARUNACHAL PRADESH)
- Also known as Madhuri Lake
- In Tawang district
- Formed during damming of a river which leads to a major earthquake in 1950
- Surrounded by the lush valley and snow-capped mountains.
9. LOKTAK LAKE(MANIPUR)
- In the Bishnupur district
- The largest freshwater lake in the Northeast.
- Attractive things are ‘ phumdis’ or floating biomass and the ‘phumsangs’ or huts of fishermen on them.
10. REIEK TALANG(MIZORAM)
- This hill is a cuesta, cuesta means a ridge with a gentle slope or dip on one side and a steep slope or scarp on the other.
- Here local authorities host the annual anthurium festival
11. NAGA HILL OPHIOLITE(NAGALAND)
- In the Pungro region
- It consists of a variety of Mesozoic and subsequently Cenozoic rocks like magmatic, metamorphic and sedimentary
12. STROMATOLITE PARK(SIKKIM)
- At Mamley district
- It is one of the rare examples of early life on earth in the Sikkim Himalayas